Burning Mouth Syndrome May Be Linked To Menopause Hormone Changes


Many women experience the same symptoms as menopause. These include changes in their menstrual cycle, insomnia, hot flashes and sexual dysfunction. However, you may be surprised at some of the lesser-known signs and symptoms that menopause can cause. 

Recent research suggests that Menopause can cause burning of the mouth syndrome, which can be a side effect..

Have you ever heard of burning lips syndrome? We had, too. Welcome to yet another bizarre symptom of menopause that no one’s talking about.

What is Burning Mouth Syndrome?

In general, burning mouth syndromeBMS (Bitter Melting Syndrome) is just as painful as its name implies. It is most often felt as a burning sensation on your lips, tongue, roof, or roof. It can also affect the throat.

BMS symptoms may present suddenly and include burning, tenderness or heat.

BMS sufferers often complain that their burning sensations worsen throughout the day. Even though sufferers may have trouble falling asleep, the pain will not go away once they are asleep.

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Patients report feeling a burning sensation as well as a metallic or bitter taste. A dry mouth is another common complaint among sufferers, even though there is a steady flow of saliva.

Patients claim severe pain can lead to anxiety, mood changes and depression.

What Causes BMS

Although there are many theories that could explain the burning mouth syndrome, no one has yet been able to pinpoint the cause.

BMS can be described as neuropathic pain. Some suggest that this could be caused by disinhibition or loss of facial nerve function. This nerve sends signals to the brain concerning temperature, pain, touch and temperature. Nerve damage can result in nerve damage to the region of the tongue that controls taste or pain.

The second theory that BMS could be caused by low levels of adrenaline, gonadal and neuroactive steroids is interesting. Chronic anxiety and stress can cause a domino effect that disrupts steroid production. This causes abnormal neuroactive steroids in the skin, mucosa and nervous system.

Studies have shown that neuroactive steroids production is affected by a decrease of gonadal hormones. You also know that estrogen levels decrease during menopause. We are still trying to understand how the decreased neuroactive steroids can contribute to BMS symptoms.

How can you diagnose burning mouth syndrome?

Oftentimes, it’s not easy to distinguish BMS from other conditions because they share similar symptoms. It is important to rule out other possible causes before you can proceed with treatment.

BMS cases most often arise from oral health problems. One-third of all BMS cases are actually due to oral health problems. Patients should consult their dentists before seeking treatment to avoid serious complications. If necessary, your dentist can refer you to specialists.

A primary care provider, however, may order several tests to confirm a diagnosis if it is determined that you don’t have an oral health issue. Most commonly they’ll order the following tests:

  • Allergy testing
  • Blood tests
  • Imaging tests
  • Oral swab tests
  • Test for salivary flow
  • Tissue biopsy

They may refer you to a specialist depending on your circumstances.

How is Burning Mouth Syndrome treated?

BMS is multifactorial and requires a more complicated management approach. Some cases require the expertise of medical specialists such ENT specialists and dermatologists.

Patients with BMS are often prescribed gabapentin, tricyclic antidepressants andbenzodiazepine to manage their most difficult symptom, pain.

RELATED:The Brain Drain is Real: How women over 40 can fight brain fog caused by perimenopause

Local applications of desensitizing agents such as topical capsaicin are one alternative treatment. BMS patients have reported that adding hot pepper sauce and water to a ratio 1:2 reduces their oral symptoms. It can provide pain relief, partial or total, if used 3-4 times per day.

Other options include hormone replacement therapy, high-fluid nutrition, nutritional supplements and antioxidative therapy.

BMS treatment can be done with medication or other treatments. Researchers are now suggesting that BMS prevention can also be possible. 

Although the cause of burning mouth syndrome is not well understood, it is widely believed that stress may be a contributing factor. His research The State-of-the-Art Review of the Health Impacts on Yoga and Pranayam for Your HealthPallav Sengupta supports holistic yoga as a way to manage stress.

According to him, yoga has a positive impact upon the treatment of ‘depression, mood alterations, neuro-hormonal activity, diabetes, and coronary atherosclerosis.’To determine the effects of BMS, further research is required.

BMS can be severe enough to take several months or even years for it to go away on its own. There are many treatments for BMS, despite it being a less well-known symptom of menopause. Talking to your healthcare provider today can help you find the right solution and provide pain relief.

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