A new report highlights the horrific treatment and trauma suffered by Indigenous students at former Native American boarding schools in the United States. It includes 53 unmarked and marked burial locations. CBS News reported.
According to CBS News, Wednesday’s report by the Department of Interior revealed the brutal treatment of Indigenous students in more than 400 Indian Boarding Schools run by the federal government from 1819 to 1969.
This is the first acknowledgment by the United States Government of such events.
The report states that more than 500 Native Hawaiian and Alaska Native children died in 19 of the federal Indian Boarding Schools.
Deb Haaland is the Department of Interior’s chief spokesperson. She spoke at a press conference to announce the results and said: “We are uniquely positioned to assist in the effort to undercover the dark history of these institutions that have haunted our families for too long.”
“As a pueblo woman, it is my responsibility and, frankly, it’s my legacy,”She added.
According to Associated Press, Haaland is the only Native American Cabinet secretary and has the support from President Joe Biden to continue investigating further. Her department has received $7 million from Congress to help it complete the next phase of its report. This will include research on Native burial sites and identification of Native children and their ages. Associated Press reported.
Indigenous children were enrolled in boarding schools that began in the 1800s. “selected”CBS News reported that students from reservations moved from their families to attend government-chartered schools. They were often subcontracted and managed by Episcopalian, Catholic, or Presbyterian religious organizations.
After arriving at the schools, children were given English names and had their hair cut. They were also required to follow a strict curriculum that included English, obedience, cleanliness, and Christianity classes, according to the report.
Students who are out of tune or have problems with their studies will be removed from the class. “subject to corporal punishment, including solitary confinement; flogging; withholding food; whipping; slapping; and cuffing,” the report said.
Older children were forced to inflict punishment on younger children, CBS News reported.
The schools also had “rampant physical, sexual, and emotional abuse; disease; malnourishment; overcrowding; and lack of health care,” according to the report.
According to the report from boarding schools in America, many children were forced to sleep in the same bed at one time in some cases.
There were 408 schools that were federally operated in 37 states. According to the Department of Interior, Oklahoma had the most schools with 76. New Mexico had 43 and New Mexico 43, while South Dakota had 30.
These schools were located often at military bases, active and inactive, across the country.